Qu’est-ce qu’une langue “patrimoniale”? Question mal posée–le centre envisage plutôt la situation sous l’angle des locuteurs de langues “minorisées”: “Individuals exposed to a language spoken at home but educated primarily in English are heritage speakers of the home language”, explique la page de présentation du centre.
Au-delà se définit le champ des “heritage/community languages”.
The National Heritage Language Resource Center, at the University of California, Los Angeles, is one of 15 Language Resource Centers funded by the U.S. Department of Education.
Over 57 million people in the U.S. speak a language other than English at home (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010).
NHLRC’s mission is to develop effective pedagogical approaches to teaching heritage language learners, both by creating a research base and by pursuing curriculum design, materials development, and teacher education.
The creation of a national center dedicated to heritage language education attests to the importance of this new field to the nation. California is an ideal venue for NHLRC since almost 27% of its population five years of age and older is foreign born, and 42% speak a home language other than English (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005-2009).
Naturellement, la première langue patrimoniale des Etats-Unis est l’espagnol.
A noter que l’appel à propositions est lancé pour la Second International Conference on Heritage/Community Languages
- March 7-8, 2014. Heritage/community language education is a developing multidisciplinary field at the intersection of demography, sociology, psychology, neuroscience, education and other disciplines.